Using Platelet-Rich Plasma Hydrogel to Deliver Mesenchymal Stem Cells into Three-Dimensional PLGA Scaffold for Cartilage Tissue Engineering
journal contributionposted on 2021-12-08, 16:06 authored by Ying Tang, Huaping Wang, Yilin Sun, Yang Jiang, Sha Fang, Ze Kan, Yingxi Lu, Shenghou Liu, Xianfeng Zhou, Zhibo Li
The synthetic biodegradable polyester-based rigid porous scaffolds and cell-laden hydrogels have been separately employed as therapeutic modality for cartilage repair. However, the synthetic rigid scaffolds alone may be limited due to the inherent lack of bioactivity for cartilage regeneration, while the hydrogels have insufficient mechanical properties that are not ideal for load-bearing cartilage applications. In the present study, a hybrid construct was designed to merge the advantage of 3D-printed rigid poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) scaffolds with cell-laden platelet-rich plasma (PRP) hydrogels that can release growth factors to regulate the tissue healing process. PRP hydrogels potentially achieved the effective delivery of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into PLGA scaffolds. This hybrid construct could obtain adequate mechanical properties and independently provide MSCs with appropriate clues for proliferation and differentiation. Real-time gene expression analysis showed that PRP stimulated both chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation of MSC seeding into PLGA scaffolds. Finally, the hybrid constructs were implanted into rabbits to simultaneously regenerate both articular cartilage and subchondral bone within osteochondral defects. Our findings suggest that this unique hybrid system could be practically applied for osteochondral regeneration due to its capacity for cell transportation, growth factors release, and excellent mechanical strength, which would greatly contribute to the progress of cartilage tissue engineering.
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