American Chemical Society
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Two-Dimensional Lead Halide Perovskites Templated by a Conjugated Asymmetric Diammonium

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-11-29, 15:27 authored by Matthew P. Hautzinger, Jun Dai, Yujin Ji, Yongping Fu, Jie Chen, Ilia A. Guzei, John C. Wright, Youyong Li, Song Jin
We report novel two-dimensional lead halide perovskite structures templated by a unique conjugated aromatic dication, N,N-dimethylphenylene-p-diammonium (DPDA). The asymmetrically substituted primary and tertiary ammoniums in DPDA facilitate the formation of two-dimensional network (2DN) perovskite structures incorporating a conjugated dication between the PbX42– (X = Br, I) layers. These 2DN structures of (DPDA)­PbI4 and (DPDA)­PbBr4 were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, showing uniquely low distortions in the Pb–X–Pb bond angle for 2D perovskites. The Pb–I–Pb bond angle is very close to ideal (180°) for a 2DN lead iodide perovskite, which can be attributed to the ability of the rigid diammonium DPDA to insert into the PbX62– octahedral pockets. Optical characterization of (DPDA)­PbI4 shows an excitonic absorption peak at 2.29 eV (541 nm), which is red-shifted in comparison to similar 2DN lead iodide structures. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence of both compounds reveals both a self-trapped exciton and free exciton emission feature. The reduced exciton absorption energy and emission properties are attributed to the dication-induced structural order of the inorganic PbX42– layers. DFT calculation results suggest mixing of the conjugated organic orbital component in the valence band of these 2DN perovskites. These results demonstrate a rational new strategy to incorporate conjugated organic dications into hybrid perovskites and will spur spectroscopic investigations of these compounds as well as optoelectronic applications.