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Synthesis of a Next-Generation Taxoid by Rapid Methylation Amenable for 11C‑Labeling

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journal contribution
posted on 14.02.2018, 00:00 by Joshua D. Seitz, Tao Wang, Jacob G. Vineberg, Tadashi Honda, Iwao Ojima
Next-generation taxoids, such as SB-T-1214, are highly potent cytotoxic agents that exhibit remarkable efficacy against drug-resistant tumors in vivo, including those that overexpress the P-glycoprotein (Pgp) efflux pump. As SB-T-1214 is not a substrate for Pgp-mediated efflux, it may exhibit a markedly different biodistribution and tumor-accumulation profile than paclitaxel or docetaxel, which are both Pgp substrates. To investigate the biodistribution and tumor-accumulation levels of SB-T-1214 using positron emission tomography (PET), a new synthetic route has been developed to allow the incorporation of 11C, a commonly employed positron-emitting radionucleide, via methyl iodide at the last step of chemical synthesis. This synthetic route features a highly stereoselective chiral ester enolate–imine cyclocondensation, regioselective hydrostannation of the resulting β-lactam, and the Stille coupling of the novel vinylstannyl taxoid intermediate with methyl iodide. Conditions have been established to allow the rapid methylation and HPLC purification of the target compound in a time frame amenable to 11C-labeling for applications to PET studies.