Organocatalytic Enantioselective Pictet–Spengler Reactions for the Syntheses of 1‑Substituted 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydroisoquinolines
journal contributionposted on 2014-08-15, 00:00 authored by Elma Mons, Martin J. Wanner, Steen Ingemann, Jan H. van Maarseveen, Henk Hiemstra
A series of 1-substituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines was prepared from N-(o-nitrophenylsulfenyl)phenylethylamines through BINOL-phosphoric acid [(R)-TRIP]-catalyzed asymmetric Pictet–Spengler reactions. The sulfenamide moiety is crucial for the rate and enantioselectivity of the iminium ion cyclization and the products are readily recrystallized to high enantiomeric purity. Using this methodology we synthesized the natural products (R)-crispine A, (R)-calycotomine and (R)-colchietine, the synthetic drug (R)-almorexant and the (S)-enantiomer of a biologically active (R)-AMPA-antagonist.