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Novel Polyphenylenes Containing Phenol-Substituted Oxadiazole Moieties as Fluorescent Chemosensors for Fluoride Ion

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journal contribution
posted on 22.03.2005, 00:00 by Gang Zhou, Yanxiang Cheng, Lixiang Wang, Xiabin Jing, Fosong Wang
Novel phenyl-based conjugated polymers with different content of 2,5-bis(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole (1) or 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-5-phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole (2) units in the main chain were synthesized through Suzuki coupling. The measurements of sensing behavior to various anions, i.e., F-, Cl-, Br-, I-, BF4-, PF6-, and H2PO4-, reveal that the polymers are highly sensitive and selective F- sensory materials, and the sensitivity is much higher than that of small molecules 1 and 2. The best performance was observed with polymer P3 containing 40 mol % oxadiazole unit 1. A 380-fold fluorescence quenching occurred upon adding F- into P3 chloroform solution, with only 6-fold reduction of emission by using H2PO4- instead. Addition of other anions caused almost no change in emission spectra. The sensitivity of the polymers to F- decreases with increasing solvent polarity. Like molecules 1 and 2, these polymers can also be used as colorimetric sensors for F- and H2PO4-.