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Enhanced Catalytic Performance of the FCC Catalyst with an Alumina Matrix Modified by the Zeolite Y Structure-Directing Agent

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journal contribution
posted on 15.03.2019, 00:00 by Mengjie Xie, Yifang Li, Ubong Jerome Etim, He Lou, Wei Xing, Pingping Wu, Xiaohe Liu, Peng Bai, Zifeng Yan
The surface acid property of γ-Al2O3 has been modified by a zeolite Y structure-directing agent (SDA). Thus, modified γ-Al2O3 as a matrix material was used in fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalysts, and its performance of cracking vacuum gas oil (VGO) was evaluated. In comparsion with unmodified γ-Al2O3, the modified matrix material exhibited superior catalytic performance with heavy oil conversion increased by 5.64%, enhancing the gasoline yield by 2.19% and the LPG yield by 3.00%. Characterization results indicated that the zeolite Y SDA modification effectively introduced Si species into the framework of γ-Al2O3. The interaction between hydroxyl groups on silanol and Al–OH led to the formation of bridged hydroxyl groups (Si–OH–Al), which are the origin of medium-strength Brönsted acid sites on the modified alumina matrix accounting for the enhanced catalytic performance of FCC catalysts.