Development of a Method and Validation for the Quantitation of FruArg in Mice Plasma and Brain Tissue Using UPLC–MS/MS
journal contributionposted on 31.10.2016, 00:00 by Mitch C. Johnson, Hailong Song, Jiankun Cui, Valeri V. Mossine, Zezong Gu, C. Michael Greenlief
Aged garlic extract (AGE) is a popular nutritional supplement and is believed to promote health benefits by exhibiting antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities and hypolipidemic and antiplatelet effects. We have previously identified N-α-(1-deoxy-d-fructos-1-yl)-l-arginine (FruArg) as a major contributor to the bioactivity of AGE in BV-2 microglial cells whereby it exerted a significant ability to attenuate lipopolysaccharide-induced neuroinflammatory responses and to regulate the Nrf2-mediated antioxidant response. Here, we report on a sensitive ultraperformance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS) protocol that was validated for the quantitation of FruArg in mouse plasma and brain tissue samples. Solid-phase extraction was used to separate FruArg from proteins and phospholipids present in the biological fluids. Results indicated that FruArg was readily absorbed into the blood circulation of mice after intraperitoneal injections. FruArg was reliably detected in the subregions of the brain tissue postinjection, indicating that it penetrates the blood–brain barrier in subnanomolar concentrations that are sufficient for its biological activity.
Read the peer-reviewed publication
attenuate lipopolysaccharide-induced neuroinflammatory responsesNrf 2-mediated antioxidant responsebrain tissue samplesintraperitoneal injectionsUPLCBV -2 microglial cellsFruArgSolid-phase extractionmouse plasmahealth benefitsMice Plasmaantiplatelet effectsbrain tissue postinjectionBrain Tissueblood circulationanti-inflammatory activitiessubnanomolar concentrations