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CoIII(cyclam) Oligoynyls: Monomeric Oligoynyl Complexes and Dimeric Complexes with an Oligoyn-diyl Bridge

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journal contribution
posted on 29.04.2016, 20:03 authored by Timothy D. Cook, Sean N. Natoli, Phillip E. Fanwick, Tong Ren
Described in this work are the preparation and characterization of an extensive family of CoIII(cyclam)-oligoynyl compounds (cyclam = 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane) and elucidation of their electronic structures through DFT calculations. Monomeric Co compounds bearing one oligoynyl, namely, [Co­(cyclam)­(C2nR)­Cl]+ with n = 1–3, and two butadiynyls [Co­(cyclam)­(C4H)2]+ were prepared from the reactions between [Co­(cyclam)­Cl2]­Cl, Et3N or Et2NH, and the corresponding alkynes. The oligoyndiyl-bridged (μ-C2m) dimers of CoIII(cyclam)Cl with m = 2 and 3 were prepared via the same process by varying alkyne stoichiometry, while those with m = 4 and 6 were prepared using the Glaser coupling reaction. The complexes were prepared in moderate yield (with the exception of m = 6) under mild conditions without requiring an anaerobic or anhydrous environment and are generally stable toward ambient atmosphere. Voltammetric analysis of the dimeric complexes revealed a weak Co–Co interaction through the bridge, which is attenuated by the length of the oligoyne. The orbital origin of the Co–Co interaction is rationalized through DFT analysis.