American Chemical Society
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Anomalous Behavior of Ultra-Low-Amplitude Capillary Waves. A Glimpse of the Viscoelastic Properties of Interfacial Water?

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-05-18, 00:00 authored by Antonio Raudino, Domenica Raciti, Mario Corti
We investigate, both theoretically and by a differential interferometric technique, the behavior of large-wavelength capillary waves (of the order of 10–4 m) selectively excited at the surface of drops and bubbles with typical eigenfrequencies of the order of 102 Hz. The resonance peaks of gas bubbles or hydrocarbon drops in water (radius less than 1 mm) highlight anomalously small dissipation in the region of ultralow (sub-nanometric) oscillation amplitudes, reaching a plateau at higher amplitudes. This is in sharp contrast to the usual oscillating systems, where an anomalous behavior holds at large amplitudes alone. Dissipation is strongly dependent on the excited vibrational modes and, in spite of remarkable numerical differences, water-vapor and water-hydrocarbon interfaces exhibit the same overall trend. A phenomenological model was developed, based on the assumption that water possesses a threshold viscoelasticity, above which it behaves like a regular viscous fluid. The well-known Deborah number was then estimated within the anomalous region and found to lie in the range of viscoelastic fluids. In agreement with previous studies of nanohydrodynamics (e.g., atomic force microscopy measurements with sub-nanometric tip motions), the present one lends support to the idea that every self-aggregating fluid exhibits yield stress behavior, including classical Newtonian fluids like water. The essential requirement is that the applied perturbation lie below a critical threshold, above which viscous behavior is recovered. Our differential interferometric technique seems particularly suitable for this type of studies, as it allows measurement of long-wavelength capillary waves with sub-nanometric resolution on the oscillation amplitudes.