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Alkaloids from the Branches and Leaves of Elaeocarpus angustifolius

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-11-16, 01:05 authored by Wei Hong, Yu Zhang, Jun Yang, Meng-Yuan Xia, Ji-Feng Luo, Xiao-Nian Li, Yue-Hu Wang, Jun-Song Wang
Nine new alkaloids, (+)-1, (−)-1, 2, (+)-3, (−)-3, and 47, along with five known compounds (812), were obtained from the branches and leaves of Elaeocarpus angustifolius. The alkaloids were structurally characterized by NMR and MS data. The absolute configurations of (+)-1, (−)-1, (+)-3, and (−)-3 were determined by comparing their experimental and computed electronic circular dichroism spectra. (±)-8,9-Dehydroelaeocarpine (5), (±)-9-epielaeocarpine cis-N-oxide trifluoroacetate (6), and (±)-elaeocarpine trifluoroacetate (9) exerted weak inhibitory activities against butyrylcholinesterase with IC50 values of 39, 29, and 35 μM, respectively, while that of tacrine, the positive control, was 0.07 ± 0.01 μM. This is the first report of the cholinesterase inhibitory activities of Elaeocarpus alkaloids.