American Chemical Society
pr7b00670_si_004.xlsx (13.83 kB)

Solid Digestion of Demineralized Bone as a Method To Access Potentially Insoluble Proteins and Post-Translational Modifications

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posted on 2017-11-22, 17:23 authored by Timothy P. Cleland
Bone proteomics is an expanding field for understanding protein changes associated with disease as well as characterizing and detecting proteins preserved in fossil bone. Most previous studies have utilized a protocol with demineralization and extraction approach to isolate and characterize proteins from bone. Through near-complete EDTA demineralization, followed by solid digestion of the remaining bone pseudomorph, a total of 92 protein accessions were detected from dog bone. In the EDTA, 14 unique proteins were found, including osteocalcin, an important bone protein. Osteocalcin was not found in the solid digestion samples, demonstrating the importance of examining the demineralization supernatant. The solid-digestion samples were analyzed both with (11 unique accessions) and without (16 unique accessions) alkylation, resulting in a total of 78 protein accessions. In addition to the diversity of proteins detected, various post-translational modifications were observed, including phosphorylation and glycosylation. The solid-digestion approach will allow for characterization of proteins that are insoluble and would otherwise be missed by traditional bone protein extraction alone. All data are available at