American Chemical Society
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Intramolecular Oxyacylation of Alkenes Using a Hydroxyl Directing Group

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posted on 2014-12-05, 00:00 authored by Giang T. Hoang, Zhongda Pan, Jason T. Brethorst, Christopher J. Douglas
Alkene oxyacylation is a new strategy for the preparation of β-oxygenated ketones. Now, with Ir catalysis and low-cost salicylate esters, alkene oxyacylation can be promoted by simple and versatile hydroxyl directing groups. This paper discusses catalyst optimization, substituent effects, mechanistic experiments, and the challenges associated with asymmetric catalysis. Crossover experiments point to several key steps of the mechanism being reversible, including the most likely enantiodetermining steps. The oxyacylation products are also prone to racemization without catalyst when heated alone; however, crossover is not observed without catalyst. These observations account for the low levels of enantioinduction in alkene oxyacylation. The versatility of the hydroxyl directing group is highlighted by demonstrating further transformations of the products.