Mechanistic Variations in Ionic Hydrogenation of Unsaturated Phosphine and Amine Boranes

Internal hydride transfer occurs when tethered carbocations are generated from unsaturated phosphine or phosphinite boranes. 3-Methylenecyclohexyl-derived boranes 12 or 18 react with MsOH to give ionic hydrogenation products with high syn-selectivity. With unsaturated amine boranes, initial hydrogen evolution gives BH2(OMs) complexes, but IH occurs using excess MsOH in a slower second stage. A diastereoselective reaction occurs from 26b using camphorsulfonic acid (first stage) and MsOH (second stage), affording 33 (68% ee) after hydrolysis.