Magnetic Oleosome as a Functional Lipophilic Drug Carrier for Cancer Therapy

In the present study, we fabricated magnetic oleosomes functionalized with recombinant proteins as a new carrier for oil-based lipophilic drugs for cancer treatment. The bioengineered oleosome is composed of neutral lipids surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer with embedded oleosin fusion proteins. The oleosin was genetically fused to a nanobody of a green fluorescent protein (GFP). A recombinant protein consisting of immunoglobulin-binding protein LG fused to GFP was used to couple the oleosome to an antibody for targeted delivery to breast cancer cells. The lipid core of the oleosome was loaded with magnetic nanoparticles and carmustine as the lipophilic drug. The magnetic oleosome was characterized using transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. Moreover, the specific delivery of oleosome into the target cancer cell was investigated via confocal microscopy. To examine the cell viability of the delivered oleosome, a conventional 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay was carried out. Furthermore, an animal study was conducted to confirm the effect resulting from the delivery of the anticancer drug-loaded oleosomes. Taken together, the fabricated lipophilic drug-loaded magnetic oleosome can be a powerful tool for oil-based drug delivery agent for cancer therapy.