Demonstration of HNE-related Aldehyde Formation via Lipoxygenase-catalyzed Synthesis of a <i>bis</i>-Allylic Dihydroperoxide Intermediate

2013-06-17T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Jing Jin Yuxiang Zheng Alan R. Brash
One of the proposed pathways to the synthesis of 4-hydroxy-nonenal (HNE) and related aldehydes entails formation of an intermediate bis-allylic fatty acid dihydroperoxide. As a first direct demonstration of such a pathway and proof of principle, herein we show that 8<i>R</i>-lipoxygenase (8<i>R</i>-LOX) catalyzes the enzymatic production of the HNE-like product (11-oxo-8-hydroperoxy-undeca-5,9-dienoic acid) via synthesis of 8,11-dihydroperoxy-eicosa-5,9,12,14-tetraenoic acid intermediate. Incubation of arachidonic acid with 8<i>R</i>-LOX formed initially 8<i>R</i>-hydroperoxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (8<i>R</i>-HPETE), which was further converted to a mixture of products including a prominent HPNE-like enone. A new bis-allylic dihydroperoxide was trapped when the incubation was repeated on ice. Reincubation of this intermediate with 8<i>R</i>-LOX successfully demonstrated its conversion to the enone products, and this reaction was greatly accelerated by coincubation with NDGA, a reductant of the LOX iron. These findings identify a plausible mechanism that could contribute to the production of 4-hydroxy-alkenals <i>in vivo</i>.