Prefabrication of “Trinity” Functional Binary Layers on a Silicon Surface to Develop High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries

Posted on 2023-01-25 - 13:49
The silicon (Si) anode is widely recognized as the most prospective next-generation anode. To promote the application of Si electrodes, it is imperative to address persistent interface side reactions caused by the huge volume expansion of Si particles. Herein, we introduce beneficial groups of the optimized binder and electrolyte on the Si surface by a co-dissolution method, realizing a “trinity” functional layer composed of azodicarbonamide and 4-nitrobenzenesulfonyl fluoride (AN). The “trinity” functional AN interfacial layer induces beneficial reductive decomposition reactions of the electrolyte and forms a hybrid solid–electrolyte interphase (SEI) skin layer with uniformly distributed organic/inorganic components, which can enhance the mechanical strength of the overall electrode, restrain harmful electrolyte depletion reactions, and maintain efficient ion/electron transport. Hence, the optimized Si@AN11 electrode retains 1407.9 mAh g–1 after 500 cycles and still delivers 1773.5 mAh g–1 at 10 C. In stark contrast, Si anodes have almost no reserved capacity at the same test conditions. Besides, the LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2//Si@AN11 full-cell maintains 141.2 mAh g–1 after 350 cycles. This work demonstrates the potential of developing multiple composite artificial layers to modulate the SEI properties of various next-generation electrodes.

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Huang, Weibo; Wang, Yan; Lv, Linze; Li, Xiang; Wang, Yueyue; Zheng, Wei; et al. (2023): Prefabrication of “Trinity” Functional Binary Layers on a Silicon Surface to Develop High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Publications. Collection. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.2c10698
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