American Chemical Society

Endowing Pt(IV) with Perfluorocarbon Chains and Human Serum Albumin Encapsulation for Highly Effective Antitumor Chemoimmunotherapy

Posted on 2024-05-16 - 02:03
Tumor metastases and reoccurrence are considered the leading causes of cancer-associated deaths. As an emerging therapeutic method, increasing research efforts have been devoted to immunogenic cell death (ICD)-inducing compounds to solve the challenge. The clinically approved chemotherapeutic Pt complexes are not or are only poorly able to trigger ICD. Herein, the axial functionalization of the Pt(II) complex cisplatin with perfluorocarbon chains into ICD-inducing Pt(IV) prodrugs is reported. Strikingly, while the Pt(II) complex as well as the perfluorocarbon ligands did not induce ICD, the Pt(IV) prodrug demonstrated unexpectantly the induction of ICD through accumulation in the endoplasmic reticulum and generation of reactive oxygen species in this organelle. To enhance the pharmacological properties, the compound was encapsulated with human serum albumin into nanoparticles. While selectively accumulating in the tumorous tissue, the nanoparticles demonstrated a strong tumor growth inhibitory effect against osteosarcoma inside a mouse model. In vivo tumor vaccine analysis also demonstrated the ability of Pt(IV) to be an ideal ICD inducer. Overall, this study reports on axially perfluorocarbon chain-modified Pt(IV) complexes for ICD induction and chemoimmunotherapy in osteosarcoma.


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