Amine-Modified Mesoporous Magnesium Carbonate as an Effective Adsorbent for Azo Dyes

Published on 2019-02-11T09:13:24Z (GMT) by
Mesoporous magnesium carbonate (MMC) was evaluated as a potential candidate material for removal of dyes from textile industry wastewater. The adsorption property of MMC was analyzed for three different azo dyes: reactive black 5 (RB5), amaranth (AM), and acid red 183 (AR183). Further, the effect of porosity, amine modification, ionic strength, and pH was evaluated. MMC modified with 3-(aminopropyl)­triethoxysilane (aMMC) showed consistently high uptake levels for all of the azo dyes tested; the uptake of RB5, AM, and AR183 was ∼360, ∼143 and ∼170 mg/g, respectively. The results demonstrated the importance of porosity and surface chemistry in the effective adsorption of the azo dye in aqueous systems. The uptake of RB5 and AM on aMMC was not significantly affected by pH (when varied between 4 and 10), although reduced uptake of RB5 and AM was observed at pH values <2 and >12. The addition of NaCl salt at concentrations up to 1000 mM had minimal effect on the high uptake of RB5 on aMMC. The uptake of AM by aMMC was reduced by approximately 20% in the presence of NaCl even at low concentrations. The uptake of AR183 by aMMC varied noticeably by changes in pH and no specific trend was observed. The presence of NaCl also adversely affected the uptake of AR183 on aMMC. The adsorption of the azo dye on aMMC was most likely driven by electrostatic interactions. We show here that aMMC is a potential candidate adsorbent for the effective removal of azo dyes from textile wastewaters.

Cite this collection

Vall, Maria; Strømme, Maria; Cheung, Ocean (2019): Amine-Modified Mesoporous Magnesium Carbonate as an

Effective Adsorbent for Azo Dyes. ACS Publications. Collection.