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In Operando Observation of Neuropeptide Capture and Release on Graphene Field-Effect Transistor Biosensors with Picomolar Sensitivity

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posted on 18.03.2019, 00:00 by Steve Kim, Li Xing, Ahmad E. Islam, Ming-Siao Hsiao, Yen Ngo, Oksana M. Pavlyuk, Rhett L. Martineau, Cheri M. Hampton, Cameron Crasto, Joseph Slocik, Madhavi P. Kadakia, Joshua A. Hagen, Nancy Kelley-Loughnane, Rajesh R. Naik, Lawrence F. Drummy
Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is being pushed to new capabilities which enable studies on systems that were previously out of reach. Among recent innovations, TEM through liquid cells (LC-TEM) enables in operando observation of biological phenomena. This work applies LC-TEM to the study of biological components as they interact on an abiotic surface. Specifically, analytes or target molecules like neuropeptide Y (NPY) are observed in operando on functional graphene field-effect transistor (GFET) biosensors. Biological recognition elements (BREs) identified using biopanning with affinity to NPY are used to functionalize graphene to obtain selectivity. On working devices capable of achieving picomolar responsivity to neuropeptide Y, LC-TEM reveals translational motion, stochastic positional fluctuations due to constrained Brownian motion, and rotational dynamics of captured analyte. Coupling these observations with the electrical responses of the GFET biosensors in response to analyte capture and/or release will potentially enable new insights leading to more advanced and capable biosensor designs.

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