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Wearable Flexible and Stretchable Glove Biosensor for On-Site Detection of Organophosphorus Chemical Threats

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posted on 03.03.2017, 00:00 by Rupesh K. Mishra, Lee J. Hubble, Aida Martín, Rajan Kumar, Abbas Barfidokht, Jayoung Kim, Mustafa M. Musameh, Ilias L. Kyratzis, Joseph Wang
A flexible glove-based electrochemical biosensor with highly stretchable printed electrode system has been developed as a wearable point-of-use screening tool for defense and food security applications. This disposable-mechanically robust “lab-on-a-glove” integrates a stretchable printable enzyme-based biosensing system and active surface for swipe sampling on different fingers, and is coupled with a compact electronic interface for electrochemical detection and real-time wireless data transmission to a smartphone device. Stress-enduring inks are used to print the electrode system and the long serpentine connections to the wireless electronic interface. Dynamic mechanical deformation, bending, and stretching studies illustrate the resilience and compliance of the printed traces against extreme mechanical deformations expected for such on-glove sampling/sensing operation. An organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH)-based biosensor system on the index finger enables rapid on-site detection of organophosphate (OP) nerve-agent compounds on suspicious surfaces and agricultural products following their swipe collection on the thumb finger. The new wireless glove-based biosensor system offers considerable promise for field screening of OP nerve-agents and pesticides in defense and food-safety applications, with significant speed and cost advantages. Such “lab-on-a-glove” demonstration opens the area of flexible wearable sensors to future on-the-hand multiplexed chemical detection in diverse fields.

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