Water-Templated, Polysaccharide-rich Bioartificial 3D Microarchitectures as Extra-Cellular Matrix Bioautomatons
mediaposted on 22.04.2020, 11:04 authored by Swati Kaushik, Sonu Gandhi, Mehak Chauhan, Shaohua Ma, Souvik Das, Deepa Ghosh, Aneesh Chandrasekharan, Md Bayazeed Alam, Avanish Singh Parmar, Alpana Sharma, T. R. Santhoshkumar, Deepa Suhag
This is the first report of exploiting the “quasi-spherical” shape of water molecules for recapitulating a true human extracellular matrix (ECM). Herein, water behaved as a quasi-spherical porogen, for engineering polysaccharide-rich and chemically defined 3D-microarchitecture, with semi-interpenetrating networks (S-IPNs). Furthermore, their viscoelastic behavior along with a heterogeneous, fibroporous morphology, facilitated instructive, self-remodeling of the bioartificial scaffolds, thence effectively permitting and promoting the growth of 3D tumor spheroids of divergent origins. The hybrid composites displayed reproducible, uniform tumor spheroids with a Z-depth of ∼65 ± 2 μm in case of human adenocarcinoma (DLD-1) and ∼54 ± 3 μm for human glioblastoma cells (U-251) (vs. nonuniform spheroids, on Agarose matrix). Thereafter, their capacity for anticancer drug screening was examined using limited cancer drugs. The conflicting drug screening results for Etoposide’s reduced efficacy on glioblastoma cells cultured on our 3D matrix could be ascribed to decreased drug access and thus lower ingression. Nonetheless, adenocarcinoma’s resistance to Camptothecin was paralleled. Moreover, their potential for real-time, high-content, phenotypic precision oncology was affirmed by the exceptional transparency of the synthesized composite. Since this 3D microarchitecture typifies ECM bioautomaton, this matrix can also be wielded for precision oncology.