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Vacancy Migrations in Carbon Nanotubes

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posted on 09.04.2008, 00:00 by Chuanhong Jin, Kazu Suenaga, Sumio Iijima
Activities of vacancy defects in carbon nanotubes have been directly monitored by in situ high-resolution transmission electron microscopy at elevated temperatures. Adatom−vacancy pair defects are first prolific due to the knock-on damage, and then the induced vacancies indeed grow up to 1–2 nm in the size by the following Joule heating. Surprisingly, these large vacancies, or “holes”, tend to migrate and coalesce with each other to form even larger ones. It suggests that the activation barrier has been substantially lowered due to the contributions of an electromigration and/or irradiation effect.