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Ultrafast Combustion Synthesis of Robust and Efficient Electrocatalysts for High-Current-Density Water Oxidation

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posted on 2023-01-09, 15:36 authored by Deshuang Yu, Yixin Hao, Silin Han, Sheng Zhao, Qichao Zhou, Chun-Han Kuo, Feng Hu, Linlin Li, Han-Yi Chen, Jianwei Ren, Shengjie Peng
The scalable production of inexpensive, efficient, and robust catalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) that can deliver high current densities at low potentials is critical for the industrial implementation of water splitting technology. Herein, a series of metal oxides coupled with Fe2O3 are in situ grown on iron foam massively via an ultrafast combustion approach for a few seconds. Benefiting from the three-dimensional nanosheet array framework and the heterojunction structure, the self-supporting electrodes with abundant active centers can regulate mass transport and electronic structure for prompting OER activity at high current density. The optimized Ni(OH)2/Fe2O3 with robust structure can deliver a high current density of 1000 mA cm–2 at the overpotential as low as 271 mV in 1.0 M KOH for up to 1500 h. Theoretical calculation demonstrates that the strong electronic modulation plays a crucial part in the hybrid by optimizing the adsorption energy of the intermediate, thereby enhancing the efficiency of oxygen evolution. This work proposes a method to construct cheap and robust catalysts for practical application in energy conversion and storage.

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