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UV-Cured Cross-Linked Astounding Conductive Polymer Electrolyte for Safe and High-Performance Li-Ion Batteries

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posted on 15.07.2021, 04:13 by Faiz Ahmed, Daeho Kim, Jin Lei, Taewook Ryu, Sujin Yoon, Wei Zhang, Hyunmin Lim, Giseok Jang, Hohyoun Jang, Whangi Kim
UV-cured cross-linked polymer electrolytes are promising electrolytes for safe Li-ion batteries (LIBs) application due to their excellent conduction ability, low glass-transition temperature (Tg), and high discharge capacity. Herein, we have prepared novel fluorosulfonylimide methacrylic-based cross-linked polymer electrolyte membranes for LIBs via UV-curing process, which is a well-known, easy, low-cost, fast, and reliable technique. The synthesized UV-reactive novel methacrylate monomer with directly attached fluorosulfonylimide functional group methacryloylcarbamoyl sulfamoyl fluoride (MACSF) was used as a precursor for UV curing along with poly­(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylate (PEGDMA) and lithium bis­(fluorosulfonyl)­imide (LiFSI). The results demonstrated that the cross-linked membrane with an optimized amount (30 wt %) of MACSF monomer (noted as CPE-3) showed the best performance. The nonflammable fluorosulfonyl group (a hydrophilic group of MACSF monomer) in the polymer matrix formed a wide channel, as a result of which Li ion can migrate easily via forming an ionic linkage. The CPE-3 electrolyte exhibited a low Tg (−79 °C), excellent phase separation, high conductivity (σ) (ca. 3.5 × 10–4 and 8.50 × 10–3 S·cm–1 at 30 and 80 °C, respectively), and high flame retardancy. The battery performance of half-cell (LiFePO4/CPE-3/Li) and full cell (LiFePO4/CPE-3/graphite) with CPE-3 electrolyte were attractive: discharge capacities (155 and 152 mAh/g) with the capacity retentions of 96.17 and 95.17% after 500 cycles at 0.1 C rate for half-cell and full-cell LIBs, respectively.