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Tuning of the Topochemical Polymerization of Diacetylenes Based on an Odd/Even Effect of the Peripheral Alkyl Chain: Thermochromic Reversibility in a Thin Film and a Single-Component Ink for a Fountain Pen

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posted on 29.06.2018, 00:00 by Myeong Jin Kim, Satheshkumar Angupillai, Kyeongsu Min, Manivannan Ramalingam, Young-A. Son
The topochemical polymerization of diacetylenes (DAs) is closely related to the length of their alkyl chain. DA monomers have two types of alkyl chain side groups: the inner alkyl chain and the outer alkyl chain, that is, the peripheral alkyl chain. Herein, we designed and synthesized a series of DA monomers that possess bis-amide linkages with different peripheral alkyl chains (n = 6–9; DA1–DA4). The peripheral alkyl chain length of these DA monomers exhibits an odd/even effect on topochemical polymerization. The polymerization of DAs was achieved only when n is an odd number, whereas no polymerization occurred when n is an even number. The odd/even effect on the topochemical polymerization was also investigated using ab initio density functional theory calculations. The thermochromic reversibility of polydiacetylenes (PDAs) was investigated using UV–vis absorption spectroscopy at temperatures ranging from 20 to 60 °C. Monomer DA2 was used as a single-component ink solution in a fountain pen that can be transformed into thermochromic letters on conventional paper. Furthermore, a PDA-embedded polyethylene oxide film was included to monitor the thermochromic reversibility and was found to exhibit excellent thermochromic reversibility between 20 and 100 °C and stability, enabling storage for a few months without deformation. Finally, a green-colored patterned polymer film is readily obtained by a subtractive color (blue and yellow) mixing method and exhibits high thermochromic reversibility at temperatures between 20 and 100 °C.