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Triple-Junction Optoelectronic Sensor with Nanophotonic Layer Integration for Single-Molecule Level Decoding

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posted on 11.03.2019 by Hsin-Yi Hsieh, Yu-Hsuan Peng, Sheng-Fu Lin, Li-Ching Chen, Teng-Chien Yu, Chung-Fan Chiou, Johnsee Lee
Interest in developing a rapid and robust DNA sequencing platform has surged over the past decade. Various next-/third-generation sequencing mechanisms have been employed to replace the traditional Sanger sequencing method. In sequencing by synthesis, a signal is monitored by a scanning charge-coupled device (CCD) to identify thousands to millions of incorporated dNTPs with distinctive fluorophores on a chip. Because one reaction site usually occupies dozens of pixels on a CCD detector, a bottleneck related to the bandwidth of CCD imaging limits the throughputs of the sequencing performance and causes trade-offs among speed, accuracy, read length, and the numbers of reaction sites in parallel. Thus, current research aims to align one reaction site to a few pixels by directly stacking nanophotonic layers onto a CMOS detector to minimize the size of the sequencing platforms and accelerate the processing procedures. This article reports a custom integrated optoelectronic device based on a triple-junction photodiode (TPD) CMOS sensor in conjunction with NPL integration for real-time illumination and detection of fluorescent molecules.