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Thin-Film Platinum Resistance Temperature Detector with a SiCN/Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia Protective Layer by Direct Ink Writing for High-Temperature Applications

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posted on 2022-12-27, 13:07 authored by Yingjun Zeng, Guochun Chen, Chao Wu, Xiaochuan Pan, Fan Lin, Lida Xu, Fuxin Zhao, Yingping He, Gonghan He, Qinnan Chen, Daoheng Sun, Zhenyin Hai
In situ temperature monitoring of curved high-temperature components in extreme environments is challenging for a variety of applications in fields such as aero engines and gas turbines. Recently, extrusion-based direct ink writing (DIW) has been utilized to fabricate platinum (Pt) resistance temperature detectors (RTDs). However, the current Pt RTD prepared by DIW technology suffers from a limited temperature range and poor high-temperature stability. Here, DIW technology and yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ)-modified precursor ceramic film packaging have been used to build a Pt RTD with high-temperature resistance, small disturbance, and high stability. The results indicate that the protective layer formed by the liquid phase anchors the Pt particles and reduces the agglomeration and volatilization of the Pt sensitive layer at high temperature. Attributed to the SiCN/YSZ protective layer, the temperature resistance curve of the Pt RTD in the range of 50–800 °C has little deviation from the fitting curve, and the fitting correlation coefficient is above 0.9999. Interestingly, the Pt RTD also has high repeatability and stability. The high temperature resistance drift rate is only 0.05%/h after 100 h of long-term testing at 800 °C and can withstand butane flame up to ∼1300 °C without damage. Moreover, the Pt RTD can be conformally deposited on the outer ring of aerospace bearings by DIW technology and then realize on-site, nondestructive, and real-time monitoring of bearing temperature. The fabricated Pt RTD shows great potential for high-temperature applications, and the novel technology proposed provides a feasible pathway for temperature monitoring of aeroengine internal curved hot-end components.

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