Terpolymer Multicompartment Nanofibers as Templates for Hybrid Pt Double Helices
mediaposted on 2020-08-21, 21:13 authored by Stefanie Tjaberings, Markus Heidelmann, Alexander Tjaberings, Andrea Steinhaus, Steffen Franzka, Bernd Walkenfort, André H. Gröschel
Hybrid inorganic/block copolymer (BCP) materials have become increasingly relevant for application in heterogeneous catalysis, microelectronics, and nanomedicine. While block copolymer templates are widely used for the formation of inorganic nanostructures, multicompartment templates could give access to more complex shapes and inner structures that are challenging to obtain with traditional processes. Here, we report the formation and characterization of hybrid platinum/polymer helices using multicompartment nanofibers (MCNFs) of polystyrene-block-polybutadiene-block-poly(tert-butyl methacrylate) (PS-b-PB-b-PT) triblock terpolymers as templates. Cross-linking of a PS-b-PB-b-PT helix-on-cylinder morphology resulted in uniform nanofibers with a diameter of 90 nm and a length of several micrometers, as well as an inner PB double helix (diameter 35 nm, pitch 25 nm, core 12 nm). The PB double helix served as template for the sol–gel reaction of H2PtCl6 into hybrid Pt double helices (Pt@MCNFs) as verified by STEM, electron tomography, AFM, and SEM. Carbonization of the Pt hybrids into Pt decorated carbon nanofibers (Pt@C) was followed in situ on a TEM heating state. Gradual heating from 25 to 1000 °C induced fusion of amorphous Pt NPs into larger crystalline Pt NP, which sheds light on the aging of Pt NPs in BCP scaffolds under high temperature conditions. The Pt@MCNFs were further sulfonated and incorporated into a filter to catalyze a model compound in a continuous flow process.