American Chemical Society
mt8b00838_si_002.mpg (2.85 MB)

Surfactant-Controlled Photothermal Assembly of Nanoparticles and Microparticles for Rapid Concentration Measurement of Microbes

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posted on 2019-04-01, 19:04 authored by Yasuyuki Yamamoto, Shiho Tokonami, Takuya Iida
Light-induced heating on a solid–liquid interface can generate a vapor submillimeter bubble and fluid flow, which enables us to densely and rapidly assemble dispersoids into a desired position (photothermal assembly). Here, we revealed that the surface modulation of the light-induced bubble by a surfactant dominates the assembly dynamics of nanoparticles and microparticles as dispersoids, which results in highly efficient photothermal assembly under the surfactant-controlled fluid flow. This mechanism can facilitate the concentration measurement of small objects (microparticles, bacteria, viruses, etc.). Particularly, we found that the surfactant-controlled fluid flow and bubble enable high-density assembly of dispersoids and remarkable enhancement of assembly efficiency, achieving 10–20 times in comparison with the case of no surfactant. This result can extend the limit of measurable concentration by one order. Furthermore, this study revealed the influence of concentration, size, and constituent material of the dispersoids on the assembly efficiency for the improvement of measurement precision. These findings are crucial for laser-induced assembly for the rapid concentration measurement of various microbes without a cultivation process as bioanalysis, for the high-sensitivity detection of harmful particles, and for the colloidal lithography.