American Chemical Society
nl2c01500_si_002.mp4 (1.28 MB)

Surface Engineering of Laser-Induced Graphene Enables Long-Term Monitoring of On-Body Uric Acid and pH Simultaneously

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posted on 2022-06-22, 15:06 authored by Liqiang Zhang, Lang Wang, Jiye Li, Can Cui, Ziqian Zhou, Liaoyong Wen
Laser-induced graphene (LIG) suffers from serious decay in long-term biosensing, which greatly restricts its practical applications. Herein, we report a new strategy to engineer the LIG surface with Au clusters and chitosan sequentially to form a C–Au–LIG electrode with a superhydrophilic and highly conductive 3D graphene surface, which demonstrates superior performance and negligible decay in both long-term storage and practical usage in vitro and in vivo environments. Moreover, the C–Au–LIG electrode can be used for detecting uric acid (UA) and pH simultaneously from a single differential pulse voltammetry curve with low-detection limitation, high accuracy, and negligible interference with other sweat biomarkers. The integrated C–Au–LIG wearable biosensor was employed to continuously monitor the UA content in human sweat, which can well reflect the daily intake of purines for at least 10 days. Therefore, the C–Au–LIG electrode demonstrates significant application potential and provides inspiration for surface engineering of other biosensor materials and electrodes.