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Superhydrophobic Shish-kebab Membrane with Self-Cleaning and Oil/Water Separation Properties

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posted on 15.06.2018 by Shuangjie Sun, Liya Zhu, Xianhu Liu, Lili Wu, Kun Dai, Chuntai Liu, Changyu Shen, Xingkui Guo, Guoqiang Zheng, Zhanhu Guo
In nature, the water-repellent surface of a superhydrophobic material such as lotus has the micro/nano hierarchical structure, while shish-kebab, which is one of the most fascinating superstructure crystals in polymer science, also exhibits micro/nano hierarchical structure. Accordingly, it remains an idea of whether this structure can be used as the superhydrophobic materials. In this work, a modified flow-induced crystallization method was employed to fabricate a pure shish-kebab membrane, whose wetting behavior and other related performances were comprehensively studied. The membrane surface displays superhydrophobic characteristic with a static water contact angle of 161° and sliding angle of 3°. More importantly, the superhydrophobic membrane not only is of low adhesive, anti-impact, and self-cleaning performance, but also presents oil/water separation capacity, high absorption capacity with porosity (67–83%), and recyclability for organic liquids. This work proposed a new approach from the viewpoint of shish-kebab aggregation to construct a micro/nano structure in the polymer membrane with superhydrophobicity and other functional properties.