American Chemical Society
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Superelastic Carbon Aerogel with Ultrahigh and Wide-Range Linear Sensitivity

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posted on 2018-10-31, 00:00 authored by Yijie Hu, Hao Zhuo, Zehong Chen, Kunze Wu, Qingsong Luo, Qingzhong Liu, Shuangshuang Jing, Chuanfu Liu, Linxin Zhong, Runcang Sun, Xinwen Peng
Compressible and elastic carbon materials offer many advantages and have promising applications in various electronic devices. However, fabricating carbon materials with super elasticity, fatigue resistance, and high and wide-range linear sensitivity for pressure or strain remains a great challenge. Herein, a facile and sustainable route is developed to fabricate a carbon aerogel with not only superior mechanical performances but also exceptionally high and wide-range linear sensitivity by using chitosan as a renewable carbon source and cellulose nanocrystal as a nanoreinforcement or support. The as-prepared carbon aerogel with wave-shaped layers shows high compressibility, super elasticity, stable strain–current response, and excellent fatigue resistance (94% height retention after 50 000 cycles). More importantly, it demonstrates both an ultrahigh sensitivity of 103.5 kPa–1 and a very wide linear range of 0–18 kPa. In addition, the carbon aerogel has a very low detection limit (1.0 Pa for pressure and 0.05% for strain). The carbon aerogel also can be bended to detect a small angle change. These superiorities render its applications in various wearable devices.