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Super Antiwetting Surfaces for Mitigating Drag-Out of Deep Eutectic Solvents

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posted on 2018-06-25, 00:00 authored by C. D. Gu, X. Q. Wang, J. L. Zhang, J. P. Tu
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are, at room temperature, about dozens to hundreds of times more viscous than water, which brings pretty thick residues on solid surfaces, for example, causing drag-out and weight loss in the transfer process. Unfortunately, until now little work had been done for solving this knotty problem. In this study, the super antiwetting surface, i.e., super-DES-phobic surface (defined as DES contact angle > 150°) is proposed and fabricated successfully by a facile coating technique. Hierarchical silver dendrites on copper foam substrate provide effective dual-roughness surfaces showing stable superDESphobicity. The superDESphobic surface can repel the DESs and their derived solutions even under elevated temperature of about 120 °C and the impact attack of drops. It is also found that the superDESphobic surface can significantly delay the DESs freezing and reduce the adhesion strength of the frozen DESs. Interestingly, the superDESphobic surface can be applied as an effective tool for gauging the density of DES using an ∼2 μL droplet in virtue of its super antiwetting property. The super antiwetting surfaces show promise for potential applications in DES self-cleaning and antifreezing.

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