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Stimuli-Responsive Actuator Fabricated by Dynamic Asymmetric Femtosecond Bessel Beam for In Situ Particle and Cell Manipulation

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posted on 2020-03-24, 21:44 authored by Rui Li, Dongdong Jin, Deng Pan, Shengyun Ji, Chen Xin, Guangli Liu, Shengying Fan, Hao Wu, Jiawen Li, Yanlei Hu, Dong Wu, Li Zhang, Jiaru Chu
Microscale intelligent actuators capable of sensitive and accurate manipulation under external stimuli hold great promise in various fields including precision sensors and biomedical devices. Current microactuators, however, are often limited to a multiple-step fabrication process and multimaterials. Here, a pH-triggered soft microactuator (<100 μm) with simple structure, one-step fabrication process, and single material is proposed, which is composed of deformable hydrogel microstructures fabricated by an asymmetric femtosecond Bessel beam. To further explore the swelling–shrinking mechanism, the hydrogel porosity difference between expansion and contraction states is investigated. In addition, by introducing the dynamic holographic processing and splicing processing method, more complex responsive microstructures (S-shaped, C-shaped, and tortile chiral structures) are rapidly fabricated, which exhibit tremendous expected deformation characteristics. Finally, as a proof of concept, a pH-responsive microgripper is fabricated for in situ capturing polystyrene (PS) particles and neural stem cells rapidly. This flexible, designable, and one-step approach manufacturing of intelligent actuator provides a versatile platform for micro-objects manipulation and drug delivery.