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Spreading of a Suspension Drop on a Horizontal Surface

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posted on 07.02.2012, 00:00 by Jeongin Han, Chongyoup Kim
Experimental studies were performed on the contact line motion of a suspension of PS particles on a glass surface. The base liquids were silicone oil and glycerin. The particle size was in the range of 1–6 μm and the particle loading was 0.5–5 vol %. The drop shape was determined by using a drop image and its reflection and the drop outline was traced to the subpixel level. The Tanner–Voinov–Hoffman relation was valid for suspensions as well as for pure liquids. Silicone oil suspensions showed almost no noticeable change compared with the pure fluid. Glycerin suspensions showed an increase in contact line speed at low particle loading. The difference was due to the microstructure change at the contact line region, and the microstructure change was originated from the wetting characteristics of particles. Particle alignment occurred during the spreading stage for partially wetting particles. The contact line showed a stop-and-go fashioned motion due to surface irregularities. This result can be used as the boundary condition at the contact line in the numerical simulation of suspension spreading.