American Chemical Society
nl4c01129_si_002.mp4 (13.09 MB)

Soft Actuator with Biomass Porous Electrode: A Strategy for Lowering Voltage and Enhancing Durability

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posted on 2024-04-10, 14:50 authored by Hao Zhang, Suqian Ma, Chuhan Xu, Jiayao Ma, Yan Chen, Yong Hu, Hui Xu, Zhaohua Lin, Yunhong Liang, Lei Ren, Luquan Ren
Electroactive artificial muscles with deformability have attracted widespread interest in the field of soft robotics. However, the design of artificial muscles with low-driven voltage and operational durability remains challenging. Herein, novel biomass porous carbon (BPC) electrodes are proposed. The nanoporous BPC enables the electrode to provide exposed active surfaces for charge transfer and unimpeded channels for ion migration, thus decreasing the driving voltage, enhancing time durability, and maintaining the actuation performances simultaneously. The proposed actuator exhibits a high displacement of 13.6 mm (bending strain of 0.54%) under 0.5 V and long-term durability of 99.3% retention after 550,000 cycles (∼13 days) without breaks. Further, the actuators are integrated to perform soft touch on a smartphone and demonstrated as bioinspired robots, including a bionic butterfly and a crawling robot (moving speed = 0.08 BL s–1). This strategy provides new insight into the design and fabrication of high-performance electroactive soft actuators with great application potential.