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Skin-Adaptable, Long-Lasting Moisture, and Temperature-Tolerant Hydrogel Dressings for Accelerating Burn Wound Healing without Secondary Damage

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posted on 09.12.2021, 22:14 by Yini Huangfu, Shuangyang Li, Liandong Deng, Jianhua Zhang, Pingsheng Huang, Zujian Feng, Deling Kong, Weiwei Wang, Anjie Dong
Developing multifunctional wound dressings, possessing not only skin-like mechanical properties and adaptability, long-lasting moisture, and temperature tolerance that maximally mimics the human skin but also on-demand adhesion without unnecessary bleeding and secondary damage upon peeling, is necessary but remains a challenge. Herein, a novel dual cross-linked and multifunctional hydrogel, termed PSNC hydrogel for polymerized sulfobetaine methacrylate (SBMA), N-(2-amino-2-oxyethyl)­acrylamide (NAGA), and 1-carboxy-N-methyl-N-di­(2-methacryloyloxy-ethyl)­methanaminium inner salt (CBMAX), was fabricated as a wound dressing for burn injuries via one-pot radical polymerization in glycerine (GLY)/H2O solvent. The dual cross-linked network of the PSNC hydrogel combined the double hydrogen bonding of N-(2-amino-2-oxyethyl)­acrylamide (NAGA) with a covalently cross-linked zwitterionic network, endowing the hydrogel with skin–like mechanical properties with a high stretchability of 1613.8 ± 79.8%, a tensile strength of 77.5 ± 1.8 kPa, and a tensile modulus of 1.9 ± 0.1 kPa. Moreover, the hydrogel with well-developed adaptability can withstand skin deformation without breaking or debonding attributed to its good tissue adhesiveness and self-healing ability. Further, the utilization of the GLY/H2O binary solvent effectively prevented the crystallization and evaporation of free water, endowing the hydrogel with not only long-lasting moisture but also excellent temperature tolerance in a wide range from −20 to 60 °C. More importantly, the PSNC hydrogel could effectively accelerate wound healing of burn injuries and could be easily removed on-demand with saline without causing secondary damage due to intense hydration. Such a novel PSNC zwitterionic hydrogel could be a promising candidate for the treatment of burn wounds and tissue regeneration.