American Chemical Society
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Single DNA Molecules as Probes of Chromatographic Surfaces

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posted on 2005-05-15, 00:00 authored by Hung-Wing Li, Hye-Young Park, Marc D. Porter, Edward S. Yeung
YOYO-I-labeled λ-DNA was employed as a nanoprobe for different functionalized surfaces to elucidate adsorption in chromatography. While the negatively charged backbone is not adsorbed, the 12-base unpaired ends of this DNA provide exposed purine and pyrimidine groups for adsorption. Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) formed on gold substrate provide a wide range of choices of surface with well-defined and well-organized functional groups. Patterns of amino-terminated, carboxylic acid-terminated, and hydroxyl-terminated SAMs are generated by lithography. Patterns of metal oxides are generated spontaneously after deposition of metals. By recording the real-time dynamic motion of DNA molecules at the SAMs/aqueous interface, one can study the various parameters governing the retentivity of an analyte during chromatographic separation. Even subtle differences among adsorptive forces can be revealed.