American Chemical Society
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Single-Cell Activation of the cAMP-Signaling Pathway in 3D Tissues with FRET-Assisted Two-Photon Activation of bPAC

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posted on 2020-10-19, 20:08 authored by Tomoaki Kinjo, Tetsuya Watabe, Kenju Kobachi, Kenta Terai, Michiyuki Matsuda
Bacterial photoactivated adenylyl cyclase (bPAC) has been widely used in signal transduction research. However, due to its low two-photon absorption, bPAC cannot be efficiently activated by two-photon (2P) excitation. Taking advantage of the high two-photon absorption of monomeric teal fluorescent protein 1 (mTFP1), we herein developed 2P-activatable bPAC (2pabPAC), a fusion protein consisting of bPAC and mTFP1. In 2pabPAC, the energy absorbed by mTFP1 excites bPAC by Fürster resonance energy transfer (FRET) at ca. 43% efficiency. The light-induced increase in cAMP was monitored by a red-shifted FRET biosensor for PKA. In 3D MDCK cells and mouse liver, PKA was activated at single-cell resolution under a 2P microscope. We found that PKA activation in a single hepatocyte caused PKA activation in neighboring cells, indicating the propagation of PKA activation. Thus, 2pabPAC will provide a versatile platform for controlling the cAMP signaling pathway and investigating cell-to-cell communication in vivo.