American Chemical Society
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Shape- and Interface-Induced Control of Spin Dynamics of Two-Dimensional Bicomponent Magnonic Crystals

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posted on 2016-06-27, 00:00 authored by Samiran Choudhury, Susmita Saha, Ruma Mandal, Saswati Barman, YoshiChika Otani, Anjan Barman
Controlled fabrication of periodically arranged embedded nanostructures with strong interelement interaction through the interface between the two different materials has great potential applications in spintronics, spin logic, and other spin-based communication devices. Here, we report the fabrication of two-dimensional bicomponent magnonic crystals in form of embedded Ni80Fe20 nanostructures in Co50Fe50 thin films by nanolithography. The spin wave (SW) spectra studied by a broadband ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy showed a significant variation as the shape of the embedded nanostructure changes from circular to square. Significantly, in both shapes, a minimum in frequency is obtained at a negative value of bias field during the field hysteresis confirming the presence of a strong exchange coupling at the interface between the two materials, which can potentially increase the spin wave propagation velocity in such structures leading to faster gigahertz frequency magnetic communication and logic devices. The spin wave frequencies and bandgaps show bias field tunability, which is important for above device applications. Numerical simulations qualitatively reproduced the experimental results, and simulated mode profiles revealed the spatial distribution of the SW modes and internal magnetic fields responsible for this observation. Development of such controlled arrays of embedded nanostructures with improved interface can be easily applied to other forms of artificial crystals.