American Chemical Society
am3c15626_si_004.mp4 (9.84 MB)

Patterned Manipulated Surface Based on Femtosecond Laser with Adjustable Wetting Speed and Directional Fluid Delivery

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posted on 2024-02-23, 19:04 authored by Shengkai Liu, Yaning Ma, Jiazhao Long, Jiyu Li, Nana Li, Ning Wang, Meng Wang, Shuangchen Ruan
Recently, due to the crucial roles of multifunctional liquid manipulation surfaces in biomedical transportation, microfluidics, and chemical engineering, the demand for controllable and functional aspects of directed liquid transportation has increased significantly. However, designing an intelligent manipulation surface that is easy to manufacture and fully functional remains an immense challenge. To address this challenge, a smart surface that can regulate the rate of liquid transport within a patterned channel by temperature is reported. A synergistically controlled approach of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) and micropillar shape-memory polymers (SMPs) was used to modulate the wetting rate of liquids on surfaces. By femtosecond laser direct writing, temperature-responsive composite surfaces are embedded in the microstructure of shape-memory polymers (SMPs) in a patterned manner, resulting in the preparation of novel programmable liquid manipulation surfaces incorporating boundaries possessing asymmetric wettability. Since the smart surface is based on SMP, the superhydrophobic part in the superhydrophobic/controllable wettability patterning platform is also programmed for droplet directional transport, which takes advantage of the difference in wettability between the rewritable indentation track and the periphery to allow droplets to flow into the temperature-controlled velocity track, enriching the functionality of the surface. In addition, based on its excellent controllability and patterning, the surface has been shown to be used in microfluidic circuit chips with self-cleaning properties, which provides new ideas for circuit timing control. This study provides promising prospects for the effective development of multifunctional liquid steering surfaces, lab-on-a-chip, and microfluidic devices.