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One-Step, Rapid, 18F–19F Isotopic Exchange Radiolabeling of Difluoro-dioxaborinins: Substituent Effect on Stability and In Vivo Applications

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posted on 21.10.2020, 18:10 by Feifei An, Fuad Nurili, Haluk Sayman, Zahide Ozer, Huseyin Cakiroglu, Omer Aras, Richard Ting
The β-diketone moiety is commonly present in many anticancer drugs, antibiotics, and natural products. We describe a general method for radiolabeling β-diketone-bearing molecules with fluoride-18. Radiolabeling was carried out via 18F–19F isotopic exchange on nonradioactive difluoro-dioxaborinins, which were generated by minimally modifying the β-diketone as a difluoroborate. Radiochemistry was one-step, rapid (<10 min), and high-yielding (>80%) and proceeded at room temperature to accommodate the half-life of F-18 (t1/2 = 110 min). High molar activities (7.4 Ci/μmol) were achieved with relatively low starting activities (16.4 mCi). It was found that substituents affected both the solvolytic stability and fluorescence properties of difluoro-dioxaborinins. An F-18 radiolabeled difluoro-dioxaborinin probe that was simultaneously fluorescent showed sufficient stability for in vivo positron emission tomography (PET)/fluorescence imaging in mice, rabbits, and patients. These findings will guide the design of probes with specific PET/fluorescence properties; the development of new PET/fluorescence dual-modality reporters; and accurate in vivo tracking of β-diketone molecules.

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