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New Rules for the Old Game of Porous Micro- and Nanoparticle Synthesis

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posted on 05.02.2008, 00:00 by Ludovico M. Dell'Acqua-Bellavitis, Richard W. Siegel
The field of research focused on the synthesis of micro- and nanoparticles has not yet conclusively addressed the challenges presented by the hierarchical control of surface topography. An established approach to hierarchical multicomposite nanostructured particles is based on template-directed synthesis, while spectacular advances have been reached in nanoparticle fabrication based on a variety of physicochemical processes. These results exemplify an additive route to hierarchical control, where multiple layers are stacked onto each other or where discretely identifiable particles are assembled into a larger spherical conglomerate. We present here a new strategy for the synthesis of micro- and nanoparticles, which we refer to as “textured isomorphic synthesis”, that uses only the toolbox of inorganic chemistry coupled to the physics of cavitation, viscous fingering, and bubble nucleation. The results illustrate a topological route to hierarchical control of particle topography where dimples or holes are deterministically introduced on a planar substrate later transformed into isomorphic hollow spherical micro- and nanostructures.