American Chemical Society
am2c21879_si_002.mp4 (5.21 MB)

Mechanoluminescent Device: In Situ Renewable Carbazole Derivatives Sandwiched by Self-Healing Disulfide-Containing Polyurethane for Mechanical Signals Detection

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posted on 2023-01-16, 09:30 authored by Ting Ye, Liang Fei, Xin Chen, Yunjie Yin, Chaoxia Wang
Mechanoluminescent (ML) materials can emit visible light by utilizing mechanical energy, which shows unique advantages in visual mechanical sensing, displays, and biomechanical monitoring due to the correlation between force stimulation and luminescence intensity. Most organic ML materials exhibit luminescence intensity attenuation, disappearing completely with force stimulation and failing to recover. Here, organic luminogens (Cz-alkyl6) can be synthesized by introducing a soft alkyl chain into the carbazole, which exhibits ML emission with self-assembly units. Furthermore, organic luminogens can be generated repeatedly by simply recrystallizing the fracture crystal in situ after a short thermal treatment (70 °C) within 14 s. More importantly, the quantitative correlation between force pressure and ML intensity has been established by a sandwich-type ML device based on a novel carbazole derivative (Cz-alkyl6). The ML device presents a capacity for detecting mechanical signals up to 13 N according to its ML intensity (≤275 a.u.), exhibiting potential application value in engineering damage detection, anticounterfeiting, and advanced visual mechanical sensing.