Maneuvering Fluid Motion and Flow-Induced Detection of Toxins by Enzyme Multilayer Films
mediaposted on 2021-07-12, 20:30 authored by Arshdeep K. Gill, Rohit Varshney, Mujeeb Alam, Chinmayee Agashe, Debabrata Patra
In view to develop an autonomous lab-on-a-chip device for detection of toxins without using any spectroscopic or electrochemical equipment, self-powered enzyme micropumps were fabricated via layer-by-layer assembly of enzymes and polyelectrolytes. The thin film-based enzyme micropumps turned on fluid flow in the presence of respective substrates in a concentration-dependent manner, and the rate of the enzymatic reaction was the key for maneuvering the fluid flow. Furthermore, the newly engineered enzyme-based micropumps were able to detect toxic metals and organophosphorus pesticides by modulating the fluid flow speed as the rate of the enzymatic reaction was altered by the presence of inhibitors. Thus, by regulating fluid flow in a micropump, low concentrations of analytes (e.g., target biomarkers and inhibitors) in biological fluids can be quantitatively identified for testing in a resource-constrained environment.