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Magnetic Nanoparticle-Embedded Ionic Microporous Polymer Composite as an Efficient Scavenger of Organic Micropollutants

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posted on 2021-10-20, 20:15 authored by Sumanta Let, Subhajit Dutta, Partha Samanta, Shivani Sharma, Sujit K. Ghosh
A cationic microporous composite polymer (120-TMA@Fe) bearing free exchangeable chloride anions alongside easy magnetic separation was crafted through post-polymerization structure modulation. The precursor polymer 120-Cl was synthesized via an “external cross-linking” strategy in a straightforward one-pot Friedel–Crafts reaction. Subsequently, a cationic network accommodating magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles, viz., 120-TMA@Fe was fabricated through chemical modifications. 120-TMA@Fe displayed excellent adsorption proficiency both in terms of rapid kinetics and maximum uptake capacity when screened for a wide range of organic micropollutants of various categories. Amongst the tested pollutants, including anionic dyes, aromatic models, plastic components, and pharmaceuticals, 120-TMA@Fe illustrated exceptional performance in removing all of these model pollutants with adsorption equilibrium reaching within only 5 min. The Langmuir adsorption isotherm model determined the theoretical maximum uptake capacity (qmax,e) of 120-TMA@Fe to be 357 mg g–1 for methyl orange dye, 555 mg g–1 for plasticizer bisphenol A, and 285 mg g–1 for antibiotic ibuprofen. Additionally, 120-TMA@Fe showed unaltered performance upon harsh chemical treatment as well as in complex real-world samples. The potency of 120-TMA@Fe was further supported by its outstanding regeneration performance up to 10 cycles.

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