Magnetic-Field-Induced Re-entrance of Superconductivity in Ta2PdS5 Nanostrips
mediaposted on 21.12.2020, 13:41 by Enze Zhang, Xian Xu, Ce Huang, Yi-Chao Zou, Linfeng Ai, Shanshan Liu, Pengliang Leng, Zehao Jia, Yuda Zhang, Minhao Zhao, Zihan Li, Yunkun Yang, Jinyu Liu, Sarah J. Haigh, Zhiqiang Mao, Faxian Xiu
The motion of Abrikosov vortices is the dominant origin of dissipation in type II superconductors subjected to a magnetic field, which leads to a finite electrical resistance. It is generally believed that the increase in the magnetic field results in the aggravation of energy dissipation through the increase in vortex density. Here, we show a distinctive re-entrance of the dissipationless state in quasi-one-dimensional superconducting Ta2PdS5 nanostrips. Utilizing magnetotransport measurements, we unveil a prominent magnetoresistance drop with the increase in the magnetic field below the superconducting transition temperature, manifesting itself as a giant re-entrance to the superconducting phase. Time-dependent Ginzburg–Landau calculations show that this is originated from the suppression of the vortex motion by the increased energy barrier on the edges. Interestingly, both our experiments and simulations demonstrate that this giant re-entrance of superconductivity occurs only in certain geometrical regimes because of the finite size of the vortex.