American Chemical Society
ja2c06471_si_001.mp4 (2.17 MB)

Locking the Ultrasound-Induced Active Conformation of Metalloenzymes in Metal–Organic Frameworks

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posted on 2022-09-15, 17:40 authored by Jieying Liang, Muhammad Yazid Bin Zulkifli, Joel Yong, Zeping Du, Zhimin Ao, Aditya Rawal, Jason A. Scott, Jeffrey R. Harmer, Joseph Wang, Kang Liang
Enhancing the enzymatic activity inside metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) is a critical challenge in chemical technology and bio-technology, which, if addressed, will broaden their scope in energy, food, environmental, and pharmaceutical industries. Here, we report a simple yet versatile and effective strategy to optimize biocatalytic activity by using MOFs to rapidly “lock” the ultrasound (US)-activated but more fragile conformation of metalloenzymes. The results demonstrate that up to 5.3-fold and 9.3-fold biocatalytic activity enhancement of the free and MOF-immobilized enzymes could be achieved compared to those without US pretreatment, respectively. Using horseradish peroxidase as a model, molecular dynamics simulation demonstrates that the improved activity of the enzyme is driven by an opened gate conformation of the heme active site, which allows more efficient substrate binding to the enzyme. The intact heme active site is confirmed by solid-state UV–vis and electron paramagnetic resonance, while the US-induced enzyme conformation change is confirmed by circular dichroism spectroscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. In addition, the improved activity of the biocomposites does not compromise their stability upon heating or exposure to organic solvent and a digestion cocktail. This rapid locking and immobilization strategy of the US-induced active enzyme conformation in MOFs gives rise to new possibilities for the exploitation of highly efficient biocatalysts for diverse applications.