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Liquid Transport in Fibrillar Channels of Ion-Associated Cellular Nanowood Foams

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posted on 15.12.2020, 14:39 by Minyu Li, Jilong Rui, Dagang Liu, Fan Su, Zehui Li, Huanhuan Qiao, Zhongkai Wang, Chang Liu, Jiaqi Shan, Qin Li, Mengna Guo, Ning Fan, Jun Qian
A mechanical disintegration of waste wood biomass and freeze-induced assembly of colloidal nanowood were effectively deployed to explore ion-associated cellular foams (NWFs) with unidirectional channels. Under the assistance of inorganic ions, the as-fabricated foams were significantly enhanced in physical stability, compressive strength, flame retardancy, and thermal barrier, accounting for the tuning effects of pores and channels, surface charges, and microphase interaction by ion effects and freeze orientation. As a result, the vascular-like ion-doped channels benefited from quick capillary liquid transport. Under 1 sun illumination, NWF-V as a 3-D evaporator exhibited a high evaporation rate of 1.50 kg m–2 h–1 and a conversion efficiency of up to 88.9% for seawater desalination. Dramatically, an average of 12.5 kg m–2 of fresh water could be generated on each sunny day by outdoor NWFs for durability beyond 15 days. Under the drive of fuel combustion, an efficient conveying of ethanol or pump oil could be at rates of 0.44 and 0.26 mL min–1, respectively. Moreover, combustion flame with variable color was generated according to the doping cations in NWFs. Therefore, sustainable, green, facile, and multifunctional wood-based cellular foams could be tailored, scaled-up, and applied as color flame burners or desalination evaporators under combustion or solar drive in the energy and environment fields.

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