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Large-Area Tunable Red/Green/Blue Tri-Stacked Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode Using Sandwich-Structured Transparent Silver Nanowires Electrodes

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posted on 13.10.2020, 20:29 by Jia Sun, Hongqin Wang, Hengzhou Shi, Siyuan Wang, Jinping Xu, Jinsuo Ma, Bo Ma, Mingyue Wen, Jingqun Li, Jialong Zhao, Huan Liu, Yunjun Wang, Lei Jiang
Quantum dot light-emitting diodes (QLEDs), particularly those capable of emitting light with tunable colors, have attracted the attention of researchers for their variability in lighting and displays. So far, various color-tunable QLEDs have been developed using techniques of inkjet printing or white light combining with color filters (CFs), which however suffered from difficulties in mass production. Here, by inserting an insulating resin layer between two conductive silver nanowire (AgNW) layers, a unique AgNWs/resin/AgNWs (A/R/A) sandwich-structured electrode was developed, showing rather small sheet resistances at both sides and high transparency. The as-prepared A/R/A electrode is applicable for making a large-area transparent red QLED with an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 11.42% and a transmittance of 72.5%. Furthermore, the A/R/A electrode can be used as intermediate connecting electrodes to stack three single-colored QLEDs, forming a novel structured R/G/B tri-stacked QLED, which enables emission not only of primary colors red, green, and blue independently with the maximum EQE of 8.22, 8.07, and 2.28%, respectively, but also arbitrary hybrid colors that cover a 107% National Television System Committee (NTSC) color triangle. Such large-area full-color-tunable tri-stacked QLED offers new perspectives for the next-generation solid-state scene lighting and full-color displays.